Action plans, directives and commissions are examples of non-binding environmental measures. Signatories are not legally required to meet the requirements or conditions, so non-binding measures can serve as political indicators for the state`s intentions. Lists of international environmental treaties, conventions and other conventions with links to text, membership, performance data, secretariat and summary statistics. More than 1,300 multilateral, 2,200 bilateral and 250 “others.” Grouping by date, subject and “line” of legally related agreements (e.g. B agreements on the Montreal Protocol). The “others” include environmental agreements between governments and international organizations or non-state actors, not two or more governments. NEW: Membership links in contract lists now contain annual state reports and the same information in the Stata format for data analysis. The purpose of the audit was to determine whether federal governments know to what extent the specific objectives of certain international environmental agreements are being achieved. 1.63 The agreement. The International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution by Ships (MARPOL) aims to eliminate deliberate pollution of the marine environment resulting from maritime operations and to minimize accidental releases of pollutants. In six annexes, the MARPOL Convention deals with pollution from hydrocarbons, chemicals, packaged goods, waste, wastewater and air emissions. The convention contains requirements for shipbuilding, certification and inspection, equipment, registrations and port procedures. The convention came into force internationally in 1983.
Canada became a party to MARPOL in 1993 and has since adopted and implemented annexes dealing with oil pollution, chemicals and packaged products. 1.23 Results Reports. Effective accountability requires that actual results be measured and communicated against expectations. Department reports on department plans and priorities and departmental performance reports are the two main means used by federal departments to report to Parliament on expected results. Departments can report, in other ways, on the results of their international environmental agreements, such as periodic reports. B the secretariats of the Convention, other publications or their websites. However, departmental performance reports are the most important and recognized instrument for reporting results and results to Parliament. 1.6 In recent years, the federal government has launched a program to improve the effectiveness of public sector management and accountability and is committed to focusing more on results achieved through the use of public funds. In this context, we examined accountability for the results of five international agreements. 1.5 International environmental agreements are important because they allow countries to cooperate to address important environmental issues that are cross-border or global, such as air pollution, climate change, ozone protection and marine pollution.
In Canada, the quality of our environment depends not only on what we do at home, but also on activities outside our borders. Our national measures alone are often not enough to protect our environment, our resources and our health. We need to work with other countries to find common solutions to international environmental problems that directly affect us. 1.35 The effects of emissions of ozone-depleting substances are not detrimental to geographic or judicial boundaries. Emissions from abroad affect the ozone layer over Canada in the same way as domestic emissions.