The main international instruments that enable countries to cooperate on a wide range of global environmental challenges are international conventions and treaties on the environment and natural resources, also known as multilateral environmental agreements (EAs). The EU has already ratified many international environmental agreements, whether at the global level (multilateral agreements negotiated under the auspices of the United Nations) and at the regional level (for example. B within the framework of the UNITED Nations Economic Commission for Europe or the Council of Europe) and at the sub-regional level (for example. B for the management of seas or cross-border rivers). Lists of international environmental treaties, conventions and other conventions with links to text, membership, performance data, secretariat and summary statistics. More than 1,300 multilateral, 2,200 bilateral and 250 “others.” Grouping by date, subject and “line” of legally related agreements (e.g. B agreements on the Montreal Protocol). The “others” include environmental agreements between governments and international organizations or non-state actors, not two or more governments. NEW: Membership links in contract lists now contain annual state reports and the same information in the Stata format for data analysis. In 2002, the EAC Heads of State and Government Summit decided that regional and multilateral issues should be negotiated in bulk. The draft framework for joint participation and implementation of regional and multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) has been finalised.
The objective of this framework is to guide EAC partner countries in the implementation of various multilateral environmental agreements to which partner states belong. The IEA website is constantly being reviewed and updated. During 2017, a comprehensive review was initiated by numerous bilateral agreements and a complete update of the accession measures of all MEAs and a large number of BEAs. The current content includes more than 1,300 MEAs, more than 2,200 BEAs, 250 other environmental agreements and more than 90,000 “accession actions” (signature, ratification or entry into force; Press releases here). A big thank you to Jorg Balsiger and Lorris Germann of the University of Geneva, who identified more than 650 BEAs and laid the groundwork for the IEADB to become a comprehensive list of bilateral and multilateral environmental agreements. Here is a list of AEMs after ten years. ACCORDS are international agreements to which many States Parties belong (more than two). This runs counter to bilateral agreements (only between two states) that are not normally part of the concept of AED.
These strategic objectives can only be achieved if a number of important international environmental agreements are actively supported and properly implemented, both at EU and global level. A full list of MEAs can be provided in the International Environmental Agreements Database: iea.uoregon.edu/page.php?file=home.htm&query=static.